There are a number of non-surgical treatments for knee pain, such as orthotics and bracing, corticosteroid injections, topical painkillers, exercise, use of heat and ice, weight loss and physical therapy. If you are experiencing osteoarthritis and these more common non-surgical treatments haven’t relieved the pain, your doctor may consider you a candidate for an advanced non-surgical treatment for knee pain management, viscosupplementation.
The normal knee joint contains a small amount of fluid called synovial fluid, which is a thick, gel-like substance that cushions the joint and helps to reduce friction. In osteoarthritis the combination of the deterioration of the cartilage along with the loss of lubrication from changes in the synovial fluid contributes to pain and stiffness, limitation of joint movement, swelling and inflammation.
Viscosupplementation involves the injection of a naturally occurring viscoelastic agent into your knee joint to supplement the viscous properties of the synovial fluid. Injections can be given in one knee or both knees at the same time or at different times as determined necessary by your doctor. Depending on the product used, you will receive one to five shots over several weeks. Viscosupplementation has been shown to reduce or stop pain and improve mobility, with pain relief lasting as long as six months to a year.
At the Hoag Orthopedic Institute you will find proven treatments that are on the leading edge of medical science. If you require non-surgical treatment of the knee, Hoag’s expertise in orthopedic medicine will mean the best possible outcome for you.